Article I - Breeding Considerations
Section 1 Prerequisites. The first and foremost consideration
should always be the desire to preserve and advance the breed. Every breeding
should be done selectively, incorporating:
Careful analysis of the health and temperament of the sire and dam,
including all possible research into their backgrounds.
Careful study of canine anatomy, the breed standard, the breed's
history and function and the basic principles of genetics.
Ethical breeders should discuss openly and honestly the genetic and
physical problems that have occurred in their lines. Stud dogs or brood bitches
who produce offspring of consistently poor quality or with genetic problems
known to be inherited in the breed are therefore of no value as breeding stock
and should not be used again, except in breedings directed towards test mating
or health research.
Section 2 Legal Requirements. Every breeder should familiarize
themselves with and abide by their legal obligations under the By-Laws of the
Canadian Kennel Club and the Animal Pedigree Act.
Section 3 Health And Husbandry. All dogs and bitches should
receive routine health checks and/or be examined by a veterinarian before
breeding to determine that they are healthy and mature enough for this purpose.
In addition. to but not limited to, the following are recommended:
All breeding stock should be examined annually by a qualified
Veterinary Opthamologist. It is strongly recommended that examinations continue
to age 6 or later, in order to detect late onset vision defects. This is
especially important if the dogs in question leave descendants who are active in
the gene pool.
It is further recommended that all puppies receive a preliminary
screening by a Veterinary Opthamologist prior to sale. This is to rule out the
recurrance of congenital cataracts in the breed, as well as screen for other
vision defects known to occur.
Breeders are strongly urged to take advantage of other testing
protocols as they become available - ie: dna testing for the myotonia congenita
gene. Those who discover carrier animals should use them with utmost discretion,
and only for the purposes of advancing their breeding programs by selecting
clear offspring of quality to continue with.
- Breeding should be undertaken only when the breeder is in a
ion to properly care for the bitch and litter. The breeder should ensure
that recommended vaccination/deworming and proper socialization occurs during
Bitches should not be bred at their first season, preferably not
before 18 months of age. Ideally, bitches should also be bred no more than once
per year, and certainly, never more than twice in succession.
Stud dogs should be bred selectively. The stud owner should
discourage the individual who wants to breed the pet quality bitch or one
unsuitable for the stud in question, and explain why this is necessary.
The stud owner also should ascertain that the owner of the bitch
has the required knowledge and the necessary facilities to care for the puppies
for however long it may take to properly place them.
Article II - Selling And Sales Practices
Section 1 Contracts Problems resulting from sales and sales
agreements are perhaps the greatest source of dissatisfaction and ill will in
any breed. It's important that the seller be honest with both the buyer and
Every person who sells or places a dog should provide the new owner
with a signed receipt, copies of all contracts and agreements, complete health
records, proof of registration or eligibility for registration and an accurate
All agreements and stipulations should be recorded either in sales
contracts or by a simple written exchange of mutual expectations. (The MSCC
cannot adjudicate sales contracts or agreements.)
Breeding arrangements are often confusing; they are best written
and agreed upon by both seller and buyer. Such arrangements "in addition to" a
selling price are usually made on an animal of such superior quality that it is
necessary for the breeder/seller to maintain said animal as part of a
well-planned ongoing breeding program.
It is strongly advised that all puppies graded as "pets" be sold on
spay/neuter contracts with an CKC "Non-Breeding Registration".
Section 3 Educational Responsibility The ethical breeder/seller
should be honest in informing the prospective of the Miniature Schnauzer's
training and grooming requirements. He/she should also disclose all breed health
problems as well as each specific animal's physical, mental and nutritional
needs and history.
Section 4. Conditions Of Sale Sales prices of dogs and puppies
should not be dropped lower than what is customary in any locality, in order to
expedite sales. This is not the practice of an ethical breeder.
No puppy should be released or shipped to a new home without having
received vaccinations in accordance with local veterinary recommendations. New
owners should be provided with a three generation pedigree, complete inoculation
records including booster due dates, name and address of the seller's
veterinarian, and complete written instructions on diet and care.
Any health guarantee should allow the buyer a specified period of
time (usually three days to one week) within which to have the puppy examined by
a veterinarian of their choice. Health guarantees should be comprehensive and
meaningful, keeping in mind that many known breed defects are late-onset, with
symptoms delayed for several years. Health guarantees should not force a buyer
to surrender or euthanize a dog to receive compensation, unless it is clearly in
the best interests of the animal, and all parties are agreeable.
Ethical breeders do not consign dogs to pet stores, animal brokers
(foreign or domestic) or commercial kennels.
All breeders should be careful in the placement of their stock and
should not knowingly deal with unethical persons. An ethical breeder should not
sell to nor aid in procuring a Miniature Schnauzer for any person who he/she has
reason to believe will not provide the proper care and environment, or who may
use the dog in any fashion that is detrimental to the breed.
Article III - Lifetime Responsibility
Section 1. A responsible breeder should be willing to take
back, rehabilitate (if possible) and re-place in a suitable home any dog he/she
has bred and sold when the original purchaser is unable to keep the dog at any
time during the dog's lifetime. If an animal is beyond rehabilitation, the
breeder should be willing to either advise humane euthanasia or be responsible
for such if the owner is unwilling or unable to do so.
Article IV - Advertising
Section 1. All advertising of puppies, adults or stud service
should be factual and without misleading implications. Likewise, advertising of
show wins and breeding records should be neither false nor misleading.
Article V - Sportsmanship
The term "sportsmanship" might be strictly defined as the art of playing
fair; accepting defeat without complaint and victory without boastfulness.
However, the following additional concepts of sportsmanship, when practiced, can
enhance the pleasures of participation and the respect afforded the fancy,
Section 1. Courtesy: Every competitor should conduct
him/herself at all times in such a manner as to reflect positively on the
sport of breeding and showing purebred dogs.
Section 2. Rules: Every exhibitor has the responsiblity to
learn and abide by the dog show rules of the governing body of the sport. The
MSCC does not enforce dog show rules, but disciplinary action by a governing
body may result in supplementary discipline by the Club.
This Code of Recommended Practices (Code of Ethics) was adopted, by ballot of the
membership, on August 10, 2001. It replaces the Club's previous Code of Ethics.